CLIMATE CHANGE AND GLOBAL WARMING
Temperatures on earth have warmed roughly 1.33°F (0.74ºC) over the last century, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.1 More than half of this warming—about 0.72°F (0.4°C)—has occurred since 1979. Ninety-seven percent of climate scientists agree that climate-warming trends over the past century are very likely due to human activities, and most of the leading scientific organizations worldwide have issued public statements endorsing this position.2 Emissions of CO2 from fossil fuel combustion and industrial processes contributed about 78% of total anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions.3 Levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) have reached concentrations not seen on earth for millions of years.
Climate Change vs. Global Warming
Climate change refers to the natural fluctuations in Earth’s temperature over time, which includes major changes in temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns, among other effects, that occur over several decades or longer.
Global warming is the accelerated warming of Earth due to an increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, particularly from burning fossil fuels. Global warming is causing climate patterns to change. However, global warming itself represents only one aspect of climate change.
CO2 and Global Warming
When the earth is warmed by the sun, the outgoing heat normally rises and dissipates back into space. However, greenhouse gases in the atmosphere act as a barrier to the heat, essentially trapping the heat close to the surface of the earth. CO2 and methane comprise most of the greenhouse gas emissions believed to contribute to global warming. Burning fossil fuels to produce energy, as well as industrial output and deforestation, all contribute in varying degrees to the abundance of these emissions.
Lowering CO2 Emissions
Lowering CO2 emissions can help reduce greenhouse gas pollution. Reducing worldwide dependence on fossil fuels and increasing the use of clean, renewable energy is the cornerstone of greenhouse gas reduction. Many industries are proactively instituting sustainability practices to reduce the amount they contribute to CO2 levels. The cement industry produces 5% of global man-made CO2, of which 50% is from the chemical process, and 40% from burning fuel. Government leaders across the globe are enacting tough emission restrictions to curb the emission of greenhouse gases. Experts say it will take all these efforts and more to stop the damage to the environment caused by greenhouse gas pollution.
Can CO2 Mean Green?
At Solidia Technologies®, we envision a world where CO2 means green and sustainability is an engine for profitability and growth. We are a sustainable technology company with a patented scientific process that makes it easy and profitable to use CO2 to create better building, construction and industrial products. Our process sequesters CO2 by injecting it into concrete during the manufacturing process, transforming CO2 into a usable element that gives large- and small-scale concrete producers a competitive edge. Solidia’s cement and concrete technologies represent the only demonstrated pathway that meets the World Business Council for Sustainable Development’s 2050 CO2 reduction goals. The result of this leading-edge technology is the potential to reduce the CO2 output of cement by 70%, paving the way to a cleaner and more sustainable planet for future generations.
1. “Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report Summary for Policymakers,” Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2014
2, 3. “Scientific Consensus: Earth’s Climate Is Warming,” NASA, 10 November 2016
4. “The Cement Sustainability Initiative: Our Agenda for Action,” World Business Council for Sustainable Development, July 2002
“United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Home Page,” United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
“A World Meteorological Organization Note: A Summary of Current Climate Change Findings and Figures,” United Nations Environment Programme, 2013