Carbon Capture and Storage
The three-step process of carbon capture and storage (CCS), also called carbon capture and sequestration, captures CO2 from large industrial sources and fossil fuel power plants that burn natural gas, coal or petroleum and emit large amounts of CO2. After the CO2 is captured, it is transported and deposited into deep underground rock formations.
Looking toward 2050
According to the Carbon Capture and Storage Association, this process can capture up to 90% of the CO2 emissions produced from the use of fossil fuels in electricity generation and industrial processes, preventing CO2 from entering the atmosphere.2 The IEA believes that in order to meet global targets of 50% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2050, 20-40% of all industrial and power facilities need to be equipped with CCS technologies. CCS supplements two other major approaches for greenhouse gas reduction: improving energy efficiency and increasing use of non-carbon energy sources. The carbon sequestration option has become more popular due to its compatibility with the large energy production and delivery infrastructure now in place.3
Turning Challenges into SolutionsSM
By providing an innovative, alternative means of sequestering and utilizing CO2, Solidia Technologies® plays a key role in Carbon Capture and Utilization/Sequestration solutions. The Solidia process sequesters CO2 at a much lower cost than traditional CCS approaches for medium-size industrial emitters, at <200,000 tCO2 emissions per year, and minimizes the need for expensive compression and cleanup of flue gas prior to sequestration. Gas is injected into concrete during the manufacturing process and transformed into a usable element that gives large- and small-scale concrete producers a competitive edge. Now in the commercialization stage, Solidia’s is a complex technology made simple and verified by leading independent industry laboratories.
The Solidia approach comes at a crucial time in the search for solutions to climate change. Cement is the supply chain sibling of concrete. Cement manufacturers represent approximately 5-7% of global greenhouse gas emissions and recognize the need to reduce emissions of CO2 and other pollutants. By offering the concrete and cement industries market-driven solutions as they pivot to the low-carbon economy, Solidia Technologies offers a solution grounded in scientific innovation and fueled by the power of the marketplace.
1. “World Energy Outlook 2015 Fact Sheet,” International Energy Agency, 2015
2. “Frequently Asked Questions,” Carbon Capture & Storage Association
3. “Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technologies at MIT,” MIT, 30 September 2016
“Carbon Capture and Storage,” Your Alberta, 2009
“The Problem with Carbon Capture: CO2 Doesn’t Always Stay Captured,” Fast Company, 19 November 2010
“Technology Roadmap: Carbon Capture and Storage in Industrial Applications,” International Energy Agency and United Nations Industrial Development Organization, 2011
“Technology Roadmap: Carbon Capture and Storage,” International Energy Agency, 2013